Algae Quick Links
Coptrol specific use
Coptrol in effluent and waste water
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Algae control in reservoirs, dams,
Algae in Rice Crops
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Algae control in poultry shedding
Coptrol in aquaculture
Coptrol environmental safety
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Coptrol and hydroponics
Coptrol in drip irrigation and microsprays
Coptrol in ornamental ponds
Coptrol use in farm dams and ponds
Coptrol use in mining and power stations
Coptrol use in Nurseries and Gardens
Coptrol Use in turf farms
Drinking water tanks
Kill algae in waterways and irrigation channels
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Useful Links Page
US Pat. No. 2, 734, 028 (1956) Killing Algae in Water with Copper Alkanolamine salts.
US Pat. No. 3, 930, 834 (1976) Algicidal Composition.
Maloney, T. E. and Palmer, C. M. Toxicity of Six Chemical Compounds to Thirty Cultures of Algae. Water and Sewerage Works, 103: 509‑513 (1956).
Cendeno‑Maldonado, A. and Swader, J. A. Studies on the Mechanism of Copper Toxicity in Chlorella. Weed Science, 22: 443‑449 (1974).
, L. et al. Effects of Copper Zinc and Cadmium on selanastrum capricornutum. Water Research, 8: 179‑185 (1974).
Palmer, C. M. Algae in Water Supplies.
Public Health Service Publication No. 657. 88 pp. (1962).
Fitzgerald, G. P. and Faust, S. L. Factors Affecting the Algicidal and Algistatic Properties of Copper. Applied Microbiology, 11 .. 345-351 (1963).
Jackson, G. A. A Review of the Literature on the Use of Copper Sulphate in Fisheries.
Fish and Wildlife Service Report No. FWS-LIR‑74‑06. 88 pp. (1974).
Lloyd, R. Factors That Affect the Tolerance of Fish to Heavy Metal Poisoning, Biological Problems in Water Pollution.
Dept. Health, Education & Welfare, p. 181 (1965).
Inglis, A. and Davis, E. L. Effects of Water Hardness on the Toxicity of Several Organic and Inorganic Herbicides to Fish.
Fish and Wildlife Service Tech. Paper No. 67, 22 pp. (1972).
Stiff, M. J. The Chemical States of Copper in Polluted Fresh Water and a Scheme of Analysis to Differentiate Them. Water Research, 5: 585‑599 (1971).
Sohacki, L. P. et al. Some Ecological Changes in Ponds from Sodium Arsenite and Copper Sulphate.
of Science. 1: 149‑169 (1969).
Montgomery, A. Control of Aquatic Weeds in Farm Ponds. J. Water and Soil Conservation, 16: 69‑70 (1961).
Bartsch, A. F. Practical Methods for Control of Algae and Water Weeds.
Public Health Report, 69: 749‑757 (1954).
Toth, S. J. and Reimer, D. N. Precise Chemical Control of Algae in Ponds. J. American Water Works Association, 60: 367‑371 (1968).
Crance, J. H. The Effects of Copper Sulphate on Microcystis and Zooplankton in Ponds. Progressive Fish Culture, 25: 198‑202 (1963).
Kessler, S. Eradication of Blue Green Algae with Copper Sulphate. Barmidgeh, 12:17‑19 (1960).
Mcintosh, A. W. and Kevern, N. R. Toxicity of Copper to Zooplankton. Journal of Environmental Quality, 3: 166‑170 (1974).
Copper Sulphate in Fish Therapy. Gerard J. P. Bull. Fr. Piscic. No. 280, pp. 104‑105 (1981).
Bohl, M. et al. Further Investigations Concerning the Effect of Copper Sulphate in Fish Ponds: Contributions to Fish Pathology and Fish Toxicology pp. 123‑133 (1980). ISBN 3437‑303060‑6.
Moore, J. W. & Ramamoorthy, S. Heavy Metals in Natural Waters. Applied Monitoring and Impact Assessment. pp. 88‑95 (1984). Springer‑Verlag
Boyd, C. E. Water Quality in Warm Water Fish Ponds (1979), pp. 159‑163. Dept. of Fisheries and Allied Aquaculture. Fisheries Research Unit.
Agricultural Experiment Station.
Pagenkopf, G. K. and Cameron, D. Deposition of Trace Metals in Stream Sediments. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 11: 429‑435 (1974).
Sprague, J. B. "Chelating Agent NTA Protects Fish from Copper and Zinc" Nature 220 No. 5174. pp. 1345‑1346 (1968).
Hungerford, T. G. Diseases of Livestock 8th ed. (1975), McGraw Hill.
McKnight, D. Chemical and Biological Processes Controlling the Response of A Freshwater Ecosystem to Copper Stress: A Field Study of the CuS04 Treatment of Millpond Reservoir,
Limnol. Oceanogr. 26, No. 3. pp. 518‑531 (1981).
Keith, R. E. Loss of Therapeutic Copper in Closed Marine Systems. Aquaculture 24. Nos. 3‑4. pp. 355‑362 (1981).
Fitzgerald, G. P. et al. Comparative Algicides. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 17. pp. 66‑71 (1979).
Patnak S. Toxicity of Organic Copper Compound (Cutrine) on some Algae and Fish. J. Inland. Fish. Soc.
. 12. No. 1. pp. 136‑7 (1980).
Dempster, R. P. and Shipman, W. H. The Use of Copper Sulphate as a Medicament for Aquarium Fishes and as an Algicide in Marine Animal Water Systems.O
ccasional Paper of the
of Sciences. No. 71 (1969).
Browning, E. Toxicity of Industrial Metals 2nd ed. Butterworth & Co.,
Fitzgerald, G. P. Are Chemicals Used in Algae Control Biodegradable? Water and Sewage Works. 122(5), pp. 82‑85 (1975).
If you wish to purchase Coptrol
Coptrol Specific application rates for:
Animal Drinking troughs
Drinking Water tanks
Micro spray and drip irrigation systems
Potable water supplies
Reservoirs and dams
Waste Water treatment
Waterways and irrigation canals
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